tv BBC World News America PBS December 21, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PST
>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. cholera cases in yemen reach one million. the epidemic is now the worst the world has seen in a decade. more than 100 countries reject donald trump's decision to recognize jerusalem as the capital of israel. ambassador haley: this vote will make a difference on how americans look at the u.n. and how we look at countries who disrespect us in the u.n., and this vote will be remembered. jane: and a collection of photos by women of african descent. we take a look at the first anthology of its kind in 30
years. jane: welcome to our viewers in on public television in america and around the globe. one million people in yemen are suffering from a cholera outbreak that according to the international committee of the red cross is one of the world's worst in a decade. the humanitarian crisis has left more than 80% of the population with little access to food and clean water. our correspondent is in the capital, sanaa, and just sent this report. you may find it distressing. reporter: this is the 11-month-old, exhausted, just one of yemen's starving children. with his belly swollen from malnutrition, there are 400,000 other infants suffering just
like him. once confined to rural areas, the threat of famine has now reached the capital. his mother is helpless at his side. she has already lost 2 other children to hunger. she tells me he is all she has to live for. >> my husband used to provide for us. it would run out at the end of the month, but he would get paid. everything was ok. now all we eat is bread and cheese. reporter: the infants were born into this war, now in its third year. from birth, it is a struggle to survive. an eight-year-old has just arrived and has just been given his first proper meal in days. he is from a family with a well-paid government job, but for over a year, anyone working for the state has not received a salary. so the family quickly fell into poverty.
too ashamed to ask their own family for help, they struggled in silence. >> i break one piece of bread between 2 children, and share it between the rest. that is all we have. at nice they -- at night they ask for dinner. they cry, but i can't give them anything. so they sleep hungry. reporter: it is really heartbreaking. in yemeni culture it is shameful to go out and ask for help. i'm shocked that she waited until her son was in the state before asking her sister for money. it makes me wonder how many more people are starving in their homes. and here is the incredible thing. whilst millions of people are starving across the country, supermarket shelves in the capital are stocked high with food. but ordinary yemenis can no longer afford to shop here. a once-busy store, now empty.
two thirds of the population don't know where their next meal is coming from, and are totally dependent on aid to survive. cost $15.lk used to now it is $25. the people only come here to look for the food. -- look at the food. they can no longer eat it. reporter: on the streets of sanaa, you can see the toll the fighting has had on the city. burnt buildings, homes in romans. the war in yemen has had an impact on all aspect of life. the coalition airstrikes, the fighting on the ground, has left people here living in fear. the country is more divided than ever, and people are afraid to speak their minds. but it is not the bombs and the bullets that are claiming the most lives. it is the catastrophic humanitarian crisis. much of the problem lies here. the saudi-led coalition has blocked all commercial imports from entering yemen's main ports , which has driven up prices.
yesterday the blockade was lifted for the next 30 days. but the houthi rebels are impeding what little aid is being delivered. everyone here is now struggling. all government workers are trying to feed their families without any income. mohammed has been teaching for over a year without pay. he says his family goes hungry, but he couldn't live with himself if he didn't turn up to lessons. >> if they don't pay us our salaries and the situation doesn't change, it will be a catastrophe for teachers, for the people. already the middle class has completely disappeared. reporter: the u.n. says yemen is the world's biggest humanitarian crisis. but according to the resident coordinator, the international community isn't doing enough to stop the war. >> there is a glaring lack of pressure beyond what is coming out of the u.s., europe, the
u.k., and everywhere else, but it is not translating into pushback. the only solution is political, so the political people have to get at the table and take a real full hearted approach. reporter: with the lack of international diplomacy and the war at stalemate, those at the brunt of the suffering are the vulnerable. bbc news, sanaa. ine: a never-ending crisis yemen there. the un's general assembly has voted overwhelmingly in favor of a resolution calling on the u.s. to abandon its plan to recognize jerusalem as the capital of israel. only nine countries sided with the u.s. 39 abstained. president trump threatened to cut financial aid to those who backed the resolution, eiterated ahead of the vote by america's ambassador to the u.n., nikki haley. ambassador haley: the united states will remember this day, in which was singled out for attack in the general assembly for the very act of exercising our right as a sovereign nation.
we will remember it when we are called upon to once again make the world's largest contribution to the united nations, and we will remember when so many countries come calling on us, as they so often do, to pay even more and to use our influence for their benefit. jane: for more on this, i spoke to the bbc's u.n. reporter nada tawfik a short time ago. thanks very much for joining me. how strong a rebuke is this? strongt is a very repudiation of president trump's decision, and it reflects how isolated washington is on the national stage. this was going to be a high-stakes vote, but when you have president trump and nikki haley's threats into the mix, this became a referendum on president trump's america first policy. you had member state after member state condemning washington's intimidation tactics, calling it blackmail,
unethical bullying. it was really important for some member states to get as much support for this resolution as possible. arab and muslim groups had been lobbying intensely over the week, as had the u.s. and israel. we have had 128 countries support this. it's interesting, though, that the united states is trying to point out that compared to past resolutions that were critical of israel, the u.s. was able to convince a few extra countries to either not show up at all -- 21 countries skipped the vote -- or to abstain. they are saying this is actually prove that president trump's warnings to countries did make people rethink the strategy. jane: will this resolution make any difference to america's policy on jerusalem? nada: nikki haley was very clear in the general assembly, saying that we are moving our embassy to jerusalem. the american people support this decision -- those were her
words, saying that president trump decided was the right thing to do. she was very uncompromising, very defiant, saying the united states would remember being singled out for this attack. if you look at american foreign policy, you have to look at nikki haley's statements and realize that she was partly speaking to a domestic audience here and really trying to show that the trump administration is defending israel at the u.n. certainly, certainly, this is a vote that does show how isolated president trump is in the international community. but it is unlikely to have any effect on u.s. foreign policy in the region. jane: nada tawfik, thank you very much for joining me. there has been a record turnout in elections in the spanish region of catalonia, where voters are choosing between those parties which back independence and those who want to remain part of spain. with little more than half the votes counted, the
pro-independence party appears to be on course for a majority in the region's parliament. james reynolds reports from barcelona, and there is some flash photography in his report. james: here is how much this election matters to the people of catalonia. voting carried on right up to the final seconds. an expected record turnout. the pro-independence camp is watching every moment of the vote count. the future of their movement may come down to one or two seats. the deposed, exiled catalan leader carles puigdemont joined colleagues in brussels to learn his fate. victory for his pro-independence camp may lead to to his return. for some, this is a chance to get even. spanish police violence in october has turned this woman into a pro-independence voter. listen to usm to
out there in the world, for them to listen to us in spain, europe, for them to know that the catalan people and catalan sentiment exists, and we have been forgotten. james: in october's disputed independence referendum, this polling station was the scene of chaos. the spanish police used force to confiscate ballot boxes. by contrast, this election is organized and orderly. everyone is getting the chance to vote. in barcelona's old city, the three morena sisters spoke 2-1 -- split 2-1 in favor of the pro-independence parties. "we have not tried to convince one another," she admitted. a retired maintenance man wants catalonia to become a republic. was voting for freedom in spain. marta says she wants the deposed pro-independence leader carles puigdemont to return.
but in other, working-class districts, many voters take the opposite view. >> if they want independence , they should look for an island and go there. this is spain. catalonia is spain. >> i want to see a government that is anti-independence, because i believe if the others win, our economy will get worse. james: this election may reveal catalonia's divisions, but it won't bring them to an end. james reynolds, bbc news, barcelona. jane: of course, we will bring you the results of that election as we get them. a quick look at some of the days of the news now. -- the day's other news now. vice president mike pence has made a surprise visit to afghanistan. he said washington will deliver on its commitment to the country. in august, president trump
promised a small increase of troop levels in afghanistan, where attacks by the taliban and the islamic state group have continued. 19 people have been injured in the crowded streets of one of australia's biggest cities, melbourne, after a car was deliberately driven into pedestrians. police say the driver was a n australian citizen of afghan origin with a history of mental health issues and drug use. but no known links to terrorism. venezuela's political problems have led to a spiraling economic crisis with people in towns and cities queuing for food. and at a time when the country needs the most, farmers are struggling, too. corn production, which is a staple in a venezuela, has fallen by half in the last decade. katy watson reports. katy: with the cicadas' chorus, it is easy to forget the country is in crisis, but even in nature, politics looms large. venezuela's breadbasket is looking emptier than it was, and farmers are worried. he worked these fields all his
life. he says it has never been this tough. he did not get a government -issued a fertilizer in time this year, so his corn crops struggle. any court he does grow, the government makes him sell at subsidized prices. >> we are doing this all on our own and trying to do our best, but the economic situation is really tough. it is not easy to produce in the fields of venezuela. last time we had new machinery here, it was four years ago. katy: his problems don't end there. he had to stop building his house because he could not afford the cement. these sheep are the only residence now, although some of the herd was stolen by hungry venezuelans in search of a meal. the problems are repeated across the industry. farmers are concerned that if they don't get feed on time, they won't plant their crops. they are concerned about the quality of the fertilizers and pesticides. this farmer planted a cornfield twice with pesticides and it didn't work.
as you can see, this corn is completely rotten. it is not just farmers who are struggling. across venezuela's agricultural heartland, basics are becoming luxuries. with meat prices beyond the reach of many venezuelans nowadays, you would think that cattle farmers have it easy. but the spiraling costs of a vaccination of machinery and supplies have hit manuel. he has had to turn to crops to earn money, but that has been a struggle, too. the corn crop was stolen by hungry villagers. for years, cattle ranchers and the socialist government have been at odds, but he says the solution is easy. >> all we want to do as cattle farmers is produce. those of us in the cattle business need the state, and the state needs us. the only way right now is to sit down and understand each other. katy: these crops are a
reflection of the country's crisis. surviving, but only just. producers are doing everything they can to make sure the sun doesn't set on venezuela's cornfields. katy watson, bbc news, venezuela. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, what do you do when a vote turns out to be a tie? it happened in virginia. stay with us for the answer. born from anen embryo frozen for nearly 25 years, making it possibly the longest gap between conception ivf began.ince the embryo was donated by a family in the u.s. and became the first chance for a woman, who would have been only by-year-old herself when the baby was conceived. it was transferred to tina gibson's uterus.
her healthy daughter was born in november, weighing six pounds, eight ounces. reporter: preparing for christmas in eastern tennessee, but this year tina and then -- tina and ben have gotten the gift of they wanted. >> to succumb in the middle of the night, we look at her and go, she is really ours. i never thought i would be able to have a pregnancy and have a baby. oh my gosh, such a miracle. tina is only 26 use ultimate meaning that she and her daughter were conceived within a few months of each old, meaningears that she and her daughter were conceived within a few months of each other. en cannot conceive naturally, so they were provided an embryo. in storage or quarter century. >> that has been the going joke
-- i mean, it is just so crazy. reporter: the embryo was donated 25 years ago by an anonymous family and kept in carefully controlled conditions. emma won't be genetically related to her parents, but has become their first child, and a record breaking baby, too. >> i think she was chosen for us. i don't think we chose her. reporter: they are called snow babies because of how long they have been frozen. now she is nice and warm and delivered in time for her first christmas. jane: they say that every vote counts, and the next story from virginia proves just that. the democratic candidate for the house of delegates race secured victory on tuesday by just one vote, but that single vote was wrongly recorded, and race is tied. the winner will now be decided
by drawing a name from the hat. shelly simonds is the democratic candidate, and she has been speaking to my colleagues katty kay and christian fraser for their program "beyond 100 days." shelly, thank you so much for joining us. i saw you yesterday. you were on a real high. this has been a roller coaster of a recount. how are you doing today? >> well, i'm trying to stay strong. at the end of the day, it is not about me personally. it is about the voters of the district. for instance, i have health insurance, and a lot of the voters in my district don't have health insurance right now. i want to get elected and get up in the statehouse so i can fight for my constituents. katty: there is a real balance of power issue. democrats have not held power in the state level in virginia for 17 years. it looked like yesterday you were going to tip it to a tie. what happens if the name pulled out of the hat is not yours? >> well, this is all happening
very quickly, and honestly, i'm working with my legal team on what our options are what our next steps are, what options in terms of recounts we are going to pursue. you know, i just want to make sure that every vote is found -- counted fairly. and we are very disturbed by the court's decision yesterday. they did a recount fairly according to well-established rules on tuesday. and i won by one vote. the next day, going to court was supposed to be a formality. but my opponent pulled a fast one and brought a vote to be challenged that had not been identified the day before. everybody had agreed on the tuesday that i won. christian: we can see that
ballot paper, shelly. let's put that up for our viewers. we will see what the counting officer has to decipher. you see in the middle shelly's name just above the republican incumbent. , that person put a mark next to your name, and then what? they decided to cross it out and put a mark next to david's name? >> we think it is a classic case of an over vote, where there are so many marks and so many votes that you throw the ballot out and you don't count it. in fact, the republican representative and the democrat representative agreed it was an over vote on tuesday during the recount. those election officials were calibrated. they had been looking at dozens of votes like that all day long. i believe it was an over vote and it should not have gone before those judges. we do not have the same opportunity to bring a vote before the judges. we may have had one that we could have disputed as well.
jane: shelly simonds, democratic candidate currently tied for the virginia house of delegates seat. when a photographer and an artist both of african descent met for the first time, they immediately bonded over their shared passion for photography. they also felt that some of their favorite female photographers lacked a proper platform. so they have produced a new annual publication, the first photography anthology dedicated to female photographers of african descent in over 30 years. >> when you have the book in your hands, and you realize that every picture in this book was created by a woman of african descent, that is very powerful. >> a photo journal that represents women's photographers throughout the african diaspora, from different genres, different age ranges, different ethnicities. there are so many different identities, and i think that is
one of the things that this book celebrates. >> for women, there is a bit of underrepresentation in the industry across the genres -- photojournalism, fine arts. what we are doing is presenting women who are creating great work. the fact that women now -- you have people of color creating images in their own way, telling their own stories, telling their own truths, it is a very powerful response to those years of systemic creation of these images that were negative. >> one of the things that we will definitely do is make sure that this book is not just for other photographers or people who are interested in photographers, but for the young people, because some of these
images which are negative for -- are still being thrown at them through the media. racism is perpetrated through imagery. we are doing the exact opposite by using the same tools to fight what was created in the first place through it. look at the world from a different perspective. be open to that. this is an historical document that will add to the big canon of art, and it is important to know -- these are women of african descent who have views, who are intelligent, who have something very important to say. jane: very striking images. clearly an anthology long overdue. of course, you can find that story and all the day's news online, and to see what we are working on at anytime, do check out our facebook page. i am jane o'brien. thank you very much indeed for
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, as republicans celebrate the most significant rewrite of the tax code in decades, we break down the sweeping changes in the final bill. then, harassment on the job-- i sit down with the chair of the equal employment opportunity commission to talk about how h.r. departments can improve. and, what's the beef with beef? as the fake burger industry heats up, we bite into the debate over red meat. >> i think there is a place for animals in sustainable agriculture. however, that's not the kind of meat we're eating now. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.